Chairman

Chairman And Founder

Mr. Abdul Khadar Nadakattin

An innovative farmer from Annigeri is a village in Naval-gund taluka of Dharwad district with a population of about twenty five thousand people. He is a mechanic by hobby, a social worker by commitment and above all an environmentalist as a practitioner


In Search of Alternative

Mr. Abdul Khadar Nadakattin had inherited 60 acres of land and some savings from his father. Agriculture in this area as in any other dry area faced the risk of unpredictable rain along with scarce groundwater reserve. Like other farmers, he too faced this problem and this led him to search for an alternative. He decided to practice horticulture. He planted mango, Sapota and ber with chilli as an intercrop in 16 acres of his land. Sapota and ber were planted alternatively in between mango rows. Owing to the lack of sufficient water the idea failed to take off and the plants suffered heavy mortality. With no other option left he removed the remaining undersized plants. But his innovative spirit was a driving force in his search for another alternative in the same field. He decided to cultivate tamarind when he observed that in an orchard that was left uncared for a long period, the tamarind plants were standing green and had borne fruits also. While other plants in the orchard had perished. He realised that tamarind was an adaptable tree and could withstand difficulties. Ten years ago in 1985 - a year of severe drought, he managed to transport water from a distance of two to three km. With much difficulty he planted 1600 tamarind plants in pits in rows with spacing of 20 ft. With proper care all his plants survived. The plants continued to grow well in spite of financial and other constraints for the following three years. In 1990, inspired by the success he planted 1,100 more plants in ten acres.


First Experiment

As a child Nadakattin was very eager to go to school, but his father wanted him to be a farmer. He was the only son of his parents and was very calm by nature. Nadakattin could never get up early in the morning in spite of various efforts. Even the most powerful alarm failed to wake him up. His innovative mind started thinking of some mechanism that could solve his problem. Eventually this led him to develop a ‘water alarm’ - his first innovation. He tied a thin rope at the end of the key of the alarm in such a way that when the key unwound itself, the string tied to the key got wound. The string was in turn tied to a bottle filled with water, when the key was completely unwound, the bottle would tilt and the water would fall on his face. At 46, Mr. Nadakattin has still not given up his innovative spirit. Owing to his experience and observant knowledge of the prevailing geological and climatic conditions, he is now an inspiration to other farmers in that area. Today, he is counted as one of the most progressive farmers in Annigeri.


One Innovation Leads to Another

The success of growing tamarind with scarce but alkaline water was an innovation in itself. To overcome water constraints, he tried reclaiming water by a three-part filtration process and dug as many as eleven borewells at a cost of two lakhs but only two of them yielded water. Later he dug six farm ponds to harvest rainwater. After monsoon, water from the borewell was used to pump into the ponds. The water was then used for flood irrigating the plants. He has also constructed underground tanks to preserve the pulp of tamarind. Pulp preserved in such a manner had a long shelf-life and could retain the original quality and flavour for a longer period. He then started value addition to the raw fruit by manufacturing pickles and jam. His wife and daughter made the pickle and jam, which was marketed as far as Hyderabad. He thought of another new experiment when he faced problem in making pickles. The process of making pickle was labour intensive and tedious as one had to first harvest tamarind from the trees and then separate seeds from the fruit manually.


A Device to Separate Tamarind Seeds

After spending about three lakhs rupees and six months of hard and intensive labour in 1994, he could finally design and develop a machine to separate tamarind seeds. He has been using it successfully since then. The machine effectively removes or separates seeds from tamarind fruit. It can carry out work equivalent to 500 persons per day. It has a system wherein due to the sliding action of the pegs that are tapered at the end; the seed is thrown out of the tamarind pod. He is of the opinion that the machine can prove to be a boon to the tamarind growers owing to its simple design and the unique technique.


Tamarind Slicing for Pickles

The next step in making the pickle was to cut the unripened tamarind into small pieces. The process was difficult and tedious. This led him to design a machine for slicing tamarind in the same year.The machine serves multiple purposes and can do the job more efficiently and effectively. Within an hour, over 2.5 quintals of tamarind can be sliced into required sizes using this machine.


Tamarind Harvesting Technique

Mr Nadakattin has also developed another novel and unique technology for harvesting tamarind from the trees. It does in one day what would need about 1000 man days. He had prepared the prototype in the year 1994, but did not go ahead as the expected cost was Rs. Five lakh. The technique could be an efficient alternative to the present method.


Tamarind Harvesting Technique

Mr Nadakattin has also developed another novel and unique technology for harvesting tamarind from the trees. It does in one day what would need about 1000 man days. He had prepared the prototype in the year 1994, but did not go ahead as the expected cost was Rs. Five lakh. The technique could be an efficient alternative to the present method.

History of Nadakattin Seed Drill:

The reason behind to invent the Nadakattin Seed Drill is that in 1985 famine was caused. At the end had average rainfall, So land was little raw from 6 to 8 inch only. The agriculture land as it was not fully raw supplied so i sowed wheat seeds with integrated. Likewise how the jowar seeds sow with the help of oxen seed drill and cup like that i sowed wheat seeds with the help of fingers. From this 5 to 6 inch distance one by one wheat seed sowed and cultivated. Here another interesting incident is that i and my brother went on same day when the wheat sowed and told him to sow the wheat seed with the help of tractor by hand.

As the land was raw wheat seeds grown densely so because of this wheat seed did not yielded properly and it turned into algae. From this what i learnt is that why cant i innovate a automatic seed drill machine so that seed can fell specific distance leave it free to float on land, so I started innovating a seed drill machine. Years long day and night I innovated many kinds of seed drill to sow the seeds in the pattern wise. While sowing ,seeds were getting broke one by one so it was unable to do hence failed.

Even tough i did not stop of thinking about it day and night. At last one day i took sponge pillow and started to sleep ,then i thought why can’t i keep sponge roller in seed drill box so that seeds can fell on ground one by one without affecting the seeds and more seeds can stay in seed drill box. After getting this idea i woke up and cut off the sponge pillow, applied a gum and made a roller sponge. Then i attched in seed driil from this seed were not affecting and seed were felling one by one.. at that time was 3.00am, to me it was much happiness . Without any technical knowledge also even small to small farmer also can operate this seed drill machine. Extremely helpful for accurate sowing at proper distance for different-sized seeds, this machine has bought relief to a majority of the farmers . It could be used for sowing seeds ranging from jowar to groundnut I believe that one day NADAKATTIN SEED DRILL will be a world famous.

This machine was used for sowing seeds of different sizes ensuring proper spacing. It had a wooden roller with various sizes of depression to suit the size of the seed. The machine could also facilitate dispersal of fertilizers, mud and grass.

He struggled with a debt worth lakhs and was forced to sell his agricultural implements. However, he did not relent to any of the hardships and continued to struggle. He established Vishwashanti Agricultural Research Centre at Annigeri, through which he sells his innovations. Despite all the hardships, Abdul Nadakkattin continues his innovative spirit. His in depth knowledge in the agro-climatic conditions and the soil characteristics has made him an inspiration to the other farmers in his area.


Other Innovations


Mr Nadakattin has been striving and struggling hard to discover them progressive methods that can fit into modern agriculture. In this direction he has developed various other innovative, low-cost and farmer friendly technologies. In 1974, as soon as he left school he developed a new kind of bullock drawn tiller capable of deep ploughing. Due to financial constraints he was not able to produce the tillers at lesser cost for market. Followed by the tiller, he developed a plough blade in which whetting was not needed. If at all there arose a need to sharpen the blade, it could be done with low flame or no heating at all. The blade did not get damaged much and hence remained sharp for a long period. The blade could be used in tractor ploughing too. In 1985 while he took up tamarind farming he also invented a multipurpose sowing machine. The machine was used to sow seeds of varying sizes with proper spacing of seeds. It could be used for sowing seeds ranging from jowar to groundnut. It had a wooden roller with various sizes of depression to suit the size of the seed. Manure could also be distributed along with the seeds. Around the same time, he also developed a water-heating boiler that can boil water sufficient enough for bathing 20 people by using just five kg of wood chips, that too in five minutes. Furthermore, this water remains hot for nearly 24 hours. The boiler has an in-built mechanism for multi-stage heating.